Reliability Ques

Quanterion publishes an electronic version of “Reliability Ques” periodically as a means of keeping its customers and other interested parties up-to-date on effective tools, techniques, and approaches to improving the reliability, maintainability, and quality of products and systems.

Confidence Bounds on the Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) for a Time-Truncated Test

January 5th, 2016
There is a long standing discussion on how best to calculate the lower and upper confidence bounds on the Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) for a time-truncated test (Type I Censoring) assuming that the times between failure are exponentially distributed (constant failure rate).   Read More

Maintenance Planning with Wearout Failure Modes

December 9th, 2015
This Reliability Que will discuss how Weibull analysis qualitative results showing a wearout failure mode can be utilized to quantitatively drive the decision making process in Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) programs.   Read More

Maintenance Planning with a Constant Failure Rate

November 18th, 2015
This Reliability Que will discuss an example of how Weibull analysis qualitative results showing a constant failure rate affect the maintenance planning process. The qualitative results can be utilized to quantitatively drive the decision-making process in Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) programs.   Read More

Maintenance Planning with Early Failures

November 4th, 2015
This Reliability Que will discuss an example of how Weibull analysis qualitative results showing early failures (Infant Mortality) can be utilized to quantitatively drive the decision making process in Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) programs.   Read More

Interference Stress/Strength Analysis

August 26th, 2014

In simplest terms, an item fails when a stress to which it is subjected exceeds the corresponding strength. In this sense, strength can be viewed as “resistance to failure”. Good design practice is such that the strength is always greater than the expected stress. The safety factor “η” can be defined in terms of strength…  Read More

Derating

July 26th, 2014

The practice of limiting electrical, thermal and mechanical stresses on parts to levels below their specified ratings is called derating. MIL-STD-721C offers the following definitions of derating:

Using an item in such a way that applied stresses are below rated values
The lowering of the rating of an item in one stress field to allow an increase…  Read More

Models Commonly Used to Measure Reliability Growth

April 26th, 2013

Reliability growth is the intentional positive improvement that is made in the reliability of a product or system as defects are detected, analyzed for root cause, and removed. The process of defect removal can be ad hoc, as they are discovered during design and development, a function of an informal test-analyze-and-fix process (TAAF), or it…  Read More

How Good Is Your Reliability Approach?

June 26th, 2009

Product reliability is an important discriminator in today’s global marketplace but does your organization know how it’s doing compared to competitors in terms of designing and building reliability into its products? Could/should you be doing more “upfront” reliability activities to improve customer satisfaction, to reduce warranty costs, and to reduce in-plant rework costs? Do you…  Read More

Solving the Complex RBD-Series Parallel System with a Keystone Component

February 26th, 2009

The general form of this type of reliability block diagram has two series circuits in a parallel arrangement combined through a center or “keystone” unit. You are often given the reliability of each block and asked to calculate the reliability of the circuit.

For example let’s say we are given the following five block arrangement pictured…  Read More

Environmental Stress Screening: Basic Steps in Choosing an ESS Profile

November 26th, 2008

Environmental Stress Screening (ESS) is the process of exposing a newly manufactured product to environmental stresses in order to identify and eliminate latent defects introduced during the manufacturing process. It is part of the manufacturing process and is therefore performed on 100% of the items manufactured. After ESS, the remaining product population will have a…  Read More